Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that causes redness and swelling
Q. My husband is getting a drinker’s nose. He reminds me of W.C. Fields. But my husband doesn’t really drink more than an occasional beer. I don’t get it.
W.C. Fields, the vaudevillian and comedic actor in early films, was known to hoist more than an occasional beer. But, Fields got his red, bumpy nose from rosacea, not alcohol. Former President Bill Clinton has rosacea and so did the late financier J.P. Morgan.
Rosacea (roh-ZAY-shee-uh) is a chronic skin disease that causes redness and swelling. It usually affects the face. It can also strike the scalp, neck, ears, chest and back. You can also get it in your eyes; this condition is called ocular rosacea. The disease can make the eyes look bloodshot.
Rosacea affects about 16 million Americans, and most of them don’t know they have it. According to a Gallup survey, almost eight in 10 Americans do not know that rosacea exists.
There is no cure for rosacea and science hasn’t found a cause. However, dermatologists can attack the symptoms with medication — both oral and topical — laser surgery and other treatments if the disease is caught early. It may take two months of treatment before skin affected by rosacea looks better.
Some believe that early treatment may reverse the disease. If ignored, rosacea often worsens and becomes difficult to treat. Rosacea may last for years. For most people, it tends to get better and then flare up again.
Symptoms usually begin in adults between the ages of 30 and 60. When women with rosacea go through menopause, they may experience additional flushing.
Rosacea often starts with what looks like a blush. Then the disease progresses to red pimples and bumps filled with pus. Tiny blood vessels may become noticeable. The skin on the nose may become thick and red.
Research has debunked the old tale that rosacea is caused by heavy drinking.
Alcohol aggravates rosacea but does not cause it. Another myth is that rosacea is “adult acne.” The disease has little to do with the pimples and blackheads of acne.
People with fair skin tend to get rosacea. Women are afflicted more often than men, but men get more severe forms of the disease. Rosacea often runs in familie.
If you have rosacea, here are some tips to avoid flare-ups:
• Shield yourself from the sun and extreme cold .
• Abstain from alcohol, if you can. If not, cut down.
• When you put anything on your face, do it gently. No scrubbing.
• Avoid spicy foods and hot beverages.
• Do not use facial products containing alcohol, acids and fragrances. Wash with mild soap.
• Avoid overheating. When exercising, make sure it’s in a cool place. And no hot showers or baths.
• Don’t get hair spray on your face.
Fred Cicetti is a freelance writer who specializes in health. He has been writing professionally since 1963. Before he began freelancing, he was a reporter and columnist for three daily newspapers in New Jersey. If you would like to ask a question, write to firstname.lastname@example.org.